Departure of the Second Company from New Haven, Connecticut, November 20, 1822. Artist Unknown.
Within two years, the Pioneer Company desperately needed help to achieve their mission: expanding literacy and converting the population. In Hiram Bingham’s detailed account of his years in Hawai‘i, he reproduces the missionaries’ February 1822 report to the ABCFM, pleading—not for the first time—for reinforcements, especially ministers “possessing richly those qualifications implied or expressed in the terms, ‘Wise as serpents, harmless as doves, patient in tribulation, apt to teach, always abounding in the work of the Lord.’”
His entreaties would be met on April 27, 1823, when the ship Thames arrived from New Haven, Connecticut, carrying 18 people for the mission, including five ministers: Rev. Artemas Bishop and his wife Elizabeth; Dr. Abraham Blatchley and his wife Jemma; Levi Chamberlain, superintendent of secular affairs; Rev. James Ely and his wife Louisa; Rev. Joseph Goodrich and his wife Martha; Rev. William Richards and his wife Clarissa; Rev. Charles Samuel Stewart and his wife Harriet; Betsey Stockton, the first African American and unmarried female missionary; Stephen Popohe of Tahiti and Hawaiians William Kamooula, Richard Kalaioulu and Kupeli‘i.
“The Thames was towed into the inner harbor on the 29th, and at the king’s request, the new missionaries were introduced to his majesty, the royal family, and the principal chiefs of the nation. The reception room was a new thatched house, recently erected for the king, on the stone quay at the harbor; under the guns, and within a few rods of the wall of the fort. Its earth floor was spread with handsome mats. It was furnished with lattice windows, tables, sofas, and chairs, and ornamented with chandeliers, engravings, mirrors … The papers of the missionaries, their commissions, and certificates of American citizenship, were presented, and the king and chiefs, by the reiterated expressions of ‘aloha’ and ‘maikai,’ evinced their approval and congratulation.” — Hiram Bingham, A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands, p. 188.
Our hearts are glad you have come, very glad. We are glad you come on tabu [Sabbath] day, and have been with us in worship. Give our aloha to all the new teachers and their wahines.” — Ka‘ahumanu, welcoming the new missionaries to the islands, as reported by Bingham, A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands, p.188.